Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 4th World Congress on Robotics and Artificial Intelligence Osaka, Japan.

Day 1 :

Keynote Forum

Qinggang Meng

Loughborough University, UK

Keynote: Distributed task allocation for multi-robot systems in search and rescue scenario

Time : 9:30-10:15

OMICS International Smart Robotics Congress 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Qinggang Meng photo
Biography:

Qinggang Meng is a Reader in Robotics and Autonomous Systems with the Department of Computer Science, Loughborough University, UK. His current research interests include biologically and psychologically inspired learning algorithms and developmental robotics, robot learning and adaptation, autonomous vehicles/systems, multi-UAV/UGV cooperation, service and assistive robotics, situation awareness and decision making for driverless vehicles, verification and validation of autonomous systems, driver’s distraction detection, human motion analysis and activity recognition, activity pattern detection, pattern recognition, artificial intelligence, machine learning, deep learning and computer vision.

Abstract:

Multi-robot systems are increasingly employed in various fields such as search and rescue, space and underwater exploration, surveillance and target tracking and logistics. Distributed task allocation is one of the key topics in such multi-robot systems. This presentation will introduce our recent work on developing novel algorithms for distributed task allocation under different constraints from real applications, in particular in search and rescue scenario. The objectives of the problem are analyzed, including maximizing the number of assignments (people rescued) and minimizing the average start times of tasks with deadlines. Then its mathematical formulation is developed considering only the local communication for connected robots. A novel task swapping mechanism is proposed to exchange tasks between vehicles through local networked communication in order to optimize the performance of the whole team. This mechanism is further supported by the concept of task performance impact which is measured by the contribution to the local cost generated by a vehicle. Two performance impacts are considered, Removal Performance Impact (RPI) and Inclusion Performance Impact (IPI) of a task assignment. Different communication topologies for multi-robot systems have been considered to investigate the proposed distributed task allocation algorithms. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithms can achieve better performance in comparison with other algorithms in this area.

 

Keynote Forum

Andrew Weightman

University of Manchester, UK

Keynote: User centered design and rehabilitation robotics: Have we done enough?

Time : 10:15-11:00

OMICS International Smart Robotics Congress 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Andrew Weightman photo
Biography:

Andrew Weightman has expertise in the development of medical mechatronic and robotic systems with a strong emphasis on the use of user centered design techniques. The quality of his research has been recognized by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence. He has previously received a best paper award by Journal of Engineering Design 2010 and an Editor’s choice of the issue award from The Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: Neurological disorders, including stroke and cerebral palsy are a large burden on society and negatively affect the individual. In the United Kingdom 150,000 people every year are affected by stroke, whilst cerebral palsy is the commonest form of severe physical disability in children affecting 2.08/1000 of live births. Neurological disorders often cause upper limb difficulties, which limit activity. The goal of rehabilitation is to improve the patients’ independence in activities of daily life and therefore quality of life. The paradigm of rehabilitation-robotic therapy for the upper limb involves a patient utilizing a robotic manipulandum and playing motivating games on a computer, which enables a greater intensity of useful therapeutic practice. Maciejasz et al (2014) identified over 120 systems for the rehabilitation of upper limb function after neurological impairment. What is not clear from the literature is has this technology been developed through user, in this case therapist and patient, involvement? Furthermore, what are the design requirements for a rehabilitation robot? It is widely acknowledged that the engagement of users in healthcare technology design leads to an increased likelihood of producing devices that are safe, usable and clinically effective.

 

Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: We have undertaken a scoping review of the literature to identify the level of user engagement in the development of rehabilitation robotic devices for improving upper limb function in the neurologically impaired. We have identified several key themes.

 

Findings: We have identified fewer than 20 papers, which describe the design requirements of patients or therapists in relation to upper limb rehabilitation robotics. Analysis of the literature leads to the grouping of these requirements into safety and usability, recording of performance, movements and tasks promoted and individualized therapy.

 

Conclusion & Significance: There are a limited number of papers describing the design requirements for upper limb rehabilitation robotics. It may be that systems for upper limb rehabilitation are based on user requirements but this has not been communicated effectively. In order to ensure upper limb rehabilitation robotic systems are optimal more research should be conducted in this area.